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RAP opportunity at National Institute of Standards and Technology     NIST

Microstructure Evolution Models for Optimizing Metals Additive Manufacturing


Material Measurement Laboratory, Materials Science and Engineering Division

opportunity location
50.64.21.B8063 Gaithersburg, MD

NIST only participates in the February and August reviews.


name email phone
Carelyn E. Campbell 301.975.4920
Lyle Edward Levine 301.975.6032
Mark R. Stoudt 301.975.6025


Additive manufacturing (AM) of metallic alloys produces extreme heating and cooling cycles that result in unexpected microstructures and phases.  This research will integrate a variety of modeling tools across multiple time and length scales to predict the microstructure evolution during the AM build process and post build thermal-mechanical processing.  Some of these modeling tools include density functional theory (DFT), CALPHAD-based models, phase-field models, and finite-element models (FEM) to predict as-built microsegregation, post-processing homogenization, precipitation, and stress-relaxation. DFT simulations will be used to provide inputs needed for precipitation simulations. This modeling will rely on a range of characterization techniques to determine processing-structure-property relations that occur during processing, including scanning and transmission electron microscopy, thermal analysis, and x-ray diffraction techniques.   Developed models will be used to optimize processing and conventional alloy compositions for additive manufacturing. 

T. Keller, G. Lindwall, S. Ghosh, L. Ma, B.M. Lane, F. Zhang, U.R. Kattner, E.A. Lass, J.C. Heigel, Y. Idell, M.E. Williams, A.J. Allen, J.E. Guyer, L.E. Levine, Acta Mater., 139 (2017) 244-253.

key words
Additive manufacturing; Metals; Phase transformations; CALPHAD; DFT; Computational thermodynamics; Multicomponent diffusion; Solidification; Microscopy; Diffraction; Alloy Optimization


Citizenship:  Open to U.S. citizens
Level:  Open to Postdoctoral applicants


Base Stipend Travel Allotment Supplementation
$82,764.00 $3,000.00
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